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The Knuckles Mountain Range, also known as the Knuckles Massif or Dumbara Kanduvetiya in Sinhala, is a prominent mountain range located in central Sri Lanka. It is part of the Central Highlands, a region of great natural beauty and ecological importance. Here are some key features and information about the Knuckles Mountain Range:

1. Geography and Location: The Knuckles Mountain Range is situated in the district of Kandy and Matale, approximately 30 kilometers north of the city of Kandy. It covers an area of about 155 square kilometers and is characterized by its rugged terrain, dense forests, and numerous peaks.

2. Biodiversity: The Knuckles Massif is recognized for its rich biodiversity and is home to a wide range of flora and fauna. It has been designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Conservation Area due to its ecological significance. The range is home to various endemic species and is a haven for birdwatchers, hikers, and nature enthusiasts.

3. Hiking and Trekking: The Knuckles Mountain Range is a popular destination for hiking and trekking. There are numerous trails that offer varying levels of difficulty, catering to both experienced trekkers and beginners. The trails take you through lush forests, past waterfalls, and up to scenic viewpoints where you can enjoy breathtaking panoramic views of the surrounding landscape.

4. Peaks: The Knuckles Massif is characterized by a series of knobby peaks and ridges, which resemble the knuckles of a clenched fist, giving the range its name. The highest peak in the Knuckles range is called Knuckles Peak or “Kuda Dunhinda” (Little Mist) and stands at an elevation of approximately 1,866 meters (6,122 feet) above sea level.

5. Flora and Fauna: The region’s diverse ecosystems support a variety of plant and animal species. The forests are home to rare and endemic orchids, ferns, and other plant species. Wildlife includes leopards, sambar deer, purple-faced langurs, and a wide range of bird species.

6. Conservation: The Knuckles Mountain Range is protected as a conservation area to preserve its unique biodiversity and natural beauty. It is an important watershed area, providing water to several rivers and reservoirs in the region.

7. Climate: The climate in the Knuckles area is generally cooler and more temperate than the lowlands. It experiences both a southwest monsoon and a northeast monsoon, resulting in a distinct wet and dry season.

Visiting the Knuckles Mountain Range offers a chance to immerse yourself in the natural beauty of Sri Lanka, explore its diverse ecosystems, and experience the thrill of hiking in a pristine wilderness setting. It’s a must-visit destination for nature lovers and adventure seekers in Sri Lanka.


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